About Adoptee Rage

Statistics Identify large populations of Adoptees in prisons, mental hospitals and committed suicide.
Fifty years of scientific studies on child adoption resulting in psychological harm to the child and
poor outcomes for a child's future.
Medical and psychological attempts to heal the broken bonds of adoption, promote reunions of biological parents and adult children. The other half of attempting to repair a severed Identity is counselling therapy to rebuild the self.

Wednesday, August 5, 2015

Chronic Stress Physiology in the Adopted Child & Adult Adoptee

ADOPTEE RAGE!

Chronic Stress Physiology in the Adopted Child & Adult Adoptee
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Chronic stress is the response to emotional pressure suffered for a prolonged period over which an individual perceives he or she has no control. It involves an endocrine system response in which occurs a release of corticosteriods. While the immediate effects of stress hormones are beneficial in a particular situation, long-term exposure to constant stress and constant releasing stress hormone creates a high level of these stress hormones that remains constant in the blood stream. This may lead to high blood pressure (and subsequently heart disease), damage to muscle tissue, inhibition of growth, suppression of the immune system, and damage to mental health and well-being.

Physiology

Animals and adopted children that are exposed to chronic distressing events over which they have no control respond by releasing carticosteriods.
The sympathetic branch of the nervous system is activated, also releasing epinephrine and norepinephrine. These, if prolonged, lead to structural changes in the brain. Changes happen to neurons and theirsynapses in the hippocampus and medial prefrontal cortex.  These produce impairments in working memory , spatial memory as well as increased aggression.
Linked to impairment of the medial prefrontal cortex are deficits in the part of the striatum with which it is linked. This can bias decision-making strategies, as affected individuals shift from flexible behavior to one dominated by habit. Changes also occur to dopaminergic activity in the prefrontal cortex.
Stress has a role in humans as a method of reacting to difficult and possibly dangerous situations. The "fight or flight" response when one perceives a threat helps the body exert energy to fight or run away to live another day. This response is noticeable when the adrenal glands release epinephrine, causing the blood vessels to constrict and heart rate to increase. In addition, cortisol is another hormone that is released under stress and its purpose is to raise the glucose level in the blood. Glucose is the main energy source for human cells and its increase during time of stress is for the purpose of having energy readily available for over active cells.
The release of these hormones is evolved to be temporary. If someone is under stress for long periods of time they may have adverse health effects later on, such as hypertension and increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
Different factors may prolong this "fight or flight" reaction in the body. Chronic stress can be rooted in prolonged psychological stressors that began in childhood. For example, some studies have looked at the health effects of social discrimination in African Americans. This demographic has markedly higher hypertension levels that are attributed to higher levels of perceived social discrimination. This phenomenon has been coined John Henryism by sociologist James Sherman.

Symptoms

In humans, different types of stressors, the timing (duration) of the stressors, and personal characteristics all influence the response of the hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal axis, which is implicated in many theories which related chronic stress with health morbidities.
Symptoms of chronic stress can vary from anxiety, depression, social isolation, headache, abdominal pain,lack of sleep to back pain and difficulty concentrating.
Other symptoms include:hypertension, hemorrhoids,varicose veins. Panic attack or panic disorder and cardiovascular diseases.

Treatment

Every physician wants to jump the gun to fix the adult adoptee's problem with medications that will only cause more and compound the present ill physiological effects of childhood. Yet when the adopted child's physiology has been shaped by their chronic responding to the stress of adopted childhood maltreatment, the physicians ignore the root of their problem to quick fixes to mask the root problem. Even if the adult adoptee participates actively in long term psychotherapy their physiological problems remain the same. We must accept the fact of how our adverse childhood has created the problems of today that can not be fixed or repaired by medical science.
Our current conditions are the scientifically proven manifestations from the childhood treatment we received and were conditioned to endure.
There are a variety of methods to control chronic stress,  including exercise, diet, stress management, relaxation techniques, adequate rest, and relaxing hobbies. Psychotherapy and medications can also be used to help in cases of chronic stress severe enough to necessitate them.