The Adopted Child's Depravity of
the MATERNAL DRIVE RELATIONSHIP
Neurobiology of MATERNAL DRIVE
- The Mother-Infant Attachment Key biological factors have emerged that can explain the motivation behind maternal caregiving behavior in humans. Two main neuroendocrine systems that revolved around Oxytocin, Dpoamine, Neuropeptides, Prolactin are directly involved as mediators of maternal care and maternal investment. The mother-infant bond is so complex, strong and durable connection reliable throughout the mother-child lifetime. Due to these significant and dominating biological systems, the forced severing of the maternal bond results in a severe Maternal Trauma, Maternal Deprivation, physical and psychological injury, psychosis, neurosis, long term memory and psychodynamic disease risk . The maternal separation experience causes a dysfunction of pathology, reality of consciousness, dysfunctional psychological compensation. The effects of damaged physical and psychological health functioning and lifetime behavior of "Unconscious Reenactment Cycles." Unaware, the victim will re-experience the trauma in a continuous patterns. The victim can not logically process the conflict trauma; She is doomed to repeat the cycle of suppressed painful memory (the child and mother). Because the mother's consciousness can not integrate into logic "the most traumatic horror known to the human experience" (the loss of a child that is gone-not dead). The newborn child can not verbally identify what has taken place, only group together what feelings of "pain-grief-loss". The child's foundation for all life experience begins with "Pain-Grief-Loss" the child's first life memory.
- The response to the intentional infliction of pain in the brutal bond severing separation is due to the withdrawal of several different components from behavioral and biological systems. Separation anxiety, the psychological term that describes when the response that occurs infant is separated from the mother, causes loss of those components, as seen in alcohol or chemical withdrawal. The Maternal Drive Relation to Maternal Bond
- Oxytocinergic system Oxytocin is a peptide hormone produced in the hypothalamus that is passed through the posterior pituitary gland into the bloodstream. Oxytocin acts on the uterine muscles to stimulate uterine contractions to expel the fetus in childbirth, and in the mammary glands to stimulate the lactation glands in the secretion of milk. However, it is a crucial factor in many aspects of social bonding, specifically the onset of the mother-infant attachment bond continued at birth. Oxytocin acts on the medial preoptic area (MPOA) and the ventral tegmental area (VTA) in the brain which are critical for integration of sensory information in maternal care. Oxytocin plays a key role to promote physical proximity in nurturing care and leads the mother from avoiding behavior to promoting maternal investment. The development of the Oxytocinergic system is the basis and supporting hormone in the mother-infant attachment bond.
- Dopaminergic system Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that affects behavior in the mother and her infant offspring. Dopamine is essential in reinforcing behavior that gives us pleasure because it is part of the limbic system that initiates, responds and interacts with the body's emotional system. Therefore, it is able to stimulate responsive maternal care and reinforce the infant-mother attachment. Understanding the dopaminergic system is important because it could make the difference between nurturing maternal behavior or neglectful behavior.
- Prolactin The Prolactin hormone stimulates the initiation of breast engorgement, following the birth of the infant when the hormone process is activated. Prolactin which is an essential hormone involved in the process of lactation or breast milk production. Prolactin is an component important in the initiation and encouragement of nurturing maternal behavior. Decreasing the levels of prolactin or lack of the prolactin receptor leads to inhibition of nurturing maternal care. The biological mother and child offspring communicate biologically. A hormonal level interaction, dialog, response, calming and euphoria type of biological exchanges of the maternal bond.