About Adoptee Rage

Statistics Identify large populations of Adoptees in prisons, mental hospitals and committed suicide.
Fifty years of scientific studies on child adoption resulting in psychological harm to the child and
poor outcomes for a child's future.
Medical and psychological attempts to heal the broken bonds of adoption, promote reunions of biological parents and adult children. The other half of attempting to repair a severed Identity is counselling therapy to rebuild the self.

Sunday, December 22, 2013

Biological Hormone Systems Non-Existent In Adoptive Mothers

Biological Hormone Systems Non-Existent In Adoptive Mothers

The human body's natural ability of on demand provides instantaneous chemical changes (secretion of hormones in the adaption to various environmental situations
The extensive and complicated role of maternal hormones in preparation for childbirth and the long term care of the expected
child's birth. Below is a simple synopsis of the biological elements that give the mother the hormone based instinctive drive and ability to parent her offspring. The extensive physiological changes in the pregnancy are not only for the creation of a child
but the physical and mental abilities to ensure the survival of the offspring. There exists an intuitive connection between the mother-child and after the child's birth they continue to be connected although the umbilical cord has been severed. This mental connection of the mother-child that is primarily driven biologically through hormonal assistance. When the child begins the transition to disconnect from the mother it is a gradual process occurring over many years and the hormonal assistance will also gradually slow as the child begins to separate. When the maternal demands on the mother begin to slow, the maternal drive will also slow and eventually stop when the needs of the infant subside.  

The Maternal Drive of Hormones Creates Maternal behavior

Maternal drive is essential to prepare, care and long-term nurturing the infant. The biologically driven maternal drive is regulated by the hormonal actions of estradiol, progesterone, and prolactin. The importance of basic needs to the specific nurturing care to the expecting birth offspring survival and reproductive success. It is no wonder that a set of common hormonal signals of the Maternal Drive has evolved to assist the perinatal mother to support her newly born child, care and sustain her over the coming year and long term commitment.  However, the exact timing and features of maternal drive are dependent on endocrine hormone regulation system and external environmental factors.This sequential motor pattern of maternal drive is produced and regulated by hormone changes in estradiol, progesterone, and prolactin levels. Six to eight days pre-partum, high levels of estradiol and projesterone lead to a peak nesting behavior. Both estradiol and progesterone are produced and released by the ovaries. One to three days pre-partum, Changes in behavior is expressed as a function of decreasing progesterone levels, maintenance of high estradiol levels, and increasing prolactin levels. This release of prolactin (from the anterior pituitary) is likely caused by the increase in estrogen-to-progesterone ratio. One day pre-partum to four days post-partum,  Loosing hair as a result of low progesterone and high prolactin levels, together with a decrease in testosterone. Nesting behaviors coincides with high levels of estrogen and progestin. In human females, the nesting instinct often occurs around the fifth month of pregnancy, but can occur as late as the eighth, or not at all, It may be strongest just before the onset of labor.
It is commonly characterized by a strong urge to clean and organize one's home and is one reason why couples who are expecting a baby often reorganize, arrange, and clean the house and surroundings. Although the magic of the maternal drive is the provision of necessary intuitive biological behaviors that enhance the mother's ability, awareness, the ability to receive and give positive responses from the signals of her child.
 Bringing the Newborn Infant Home
For normal uncomplicated, and non spinal anesthesia births, the mother-child leave the hospital to return to their home within 24 hours.
  Maternal sensitivity is a mother's ability to perceive and infer the meaning behind her infant's behavioral signals and to respond to them promptly and appropriately. Maternal sensitivity affects child development at all stages through life, from infancy, all the way to adulthood. In general, more sensitive mothers have healthier, more socially and cognitively developed children than those who are not as sensitive. Also, maternal sensitivity has been found to affect the person psychologically even as an adult. Adults who experienced high maternal sensitivity during their childhood were found to be more secure than those who experienced less sensitive mothers. Once the adult becomes a parent themselves, their own understanding of maternal sensitivity will affect their own children's development. Some research suggests that adult mothers display more maternal sensitivity than adolescent mothers who may in turn may have children with a lower IQ and reading level than children of adult mothers.
There are different ways of assessing maternal sensitivity, such as through the use of naturalistic observation, the Strange situation, maternal-synchrony, and maternal mind-mindedness. There are also a number of ways of 


Maternal sensitivity was first defined by Mary Ainsworth as "a mother's ability to perceive and interpret accurately her infant's signals and communications and then respond appropriately". It was later revised by Karl and Broom in 1995 as "a mother's ability to recognize infant cues consistently and act on those cues, and the ability to monitor and accurately interpret infant cues, as evidenced by mother–child interactions that are contingent, reciprocal and affectively positive". It can be generally defined as a broad concept combining a variety of behavioral care giving attributes.
The research on maternal sensitivity follows earlier work in psychoanalytics and is especially rooted in attahment theory. As the focus of psychoanalytics shifted from individuals (particularly adults) to children, research studies on mother–infant dyads, on the effects of early childhood on development, and on pregnancy became wider. A psychologist named John Bowlby eventually developed the attachment theory in 1969. Mary Ainsworth, who worked with Bowlby, along with her colleagues created the concept of maternal sensitivity in 1978 in order to describe early mother–infant interaction observed in her empirical studies.
There are four important aspects of maternal sensitivity: dynamic process involving maternal abilities, reciprocal give-and-take with the infant, contingency on the infant's behavior, and quality of maternal behaviors.
Maternal sensitivity is dynamic, elastic and can change over time. A sensitive mother needs to be able to perceive the cues and signals her baby gives her, interpret them correctly and act appropriately. The three most positive affecting factors for the baby are a mother's social support, maternal–fetal attachment and high self-esteem. The three most negative affecting factors are maternal depression, maternal stress and maternal anxiety


Mother–infant synchrony and maternal mind-mindedness

Two related qualitative concepts that are correlated with maternal sensitivity are mother–infant synchrony and maternal mind-mindedness.
In mother–infant synchrony, the mother and infant's ability to change their own behaviour based on the other's response is taken into consideration. Infant affect (vocal and facial) and maternal stimulation (vocal and tactile) are good indicators of mother–infant synchrony. Zentall et al. found that infants' rhythm was stronger and interactions were led better at 5 months than at 3 months. According to the study, an infant's ability to send signals and a mother's ability to perceive them increase with synchrony over time. Studies have shown that mother–infant synchrony will result in the infant's development of self-control and other self-regulating behaviours later on in life.
The related concept of maternal mind-mindedness assesses the mother's ability to understand and verbalize the infant's mind: thoughts, desires, intentions and memories. Maternal mind-mindedness has been found to be related to some developmental results, such as attachment security. A caregiver's comment is deemed an appropriate mind-related comment if the comment was deemed to match the infant's behaviour by the independent coder, if the comment associated the infant's current activity to past activities, and/or if the comment encouraged the infant to go on with his or her intentions when the conversation paused. This correlates to high maternal mind-mindedness. If the caregiver assigns the wrong internal state to the baby's behaviour, if the comment about the current activity is not insufficiently associated with a past event, if the comment deters the infant from proceeding with the current activity, and/or if the comment is unclear, it is deemed

Role of maternal sensitivity in development


Infants whose mothers are more sensitive are more likely to display secure attachment relationships. Because the maternal figure is generally accessible and responsive to the infant's needs, the infant is able to form expectations of the mother's behaviour. Once expectations are met and the infant feels a consistency in the mother's sensitivity, the infant is able to find security in the maternal figure. Those infants whose mothers do not respond to the signals from their children or respond inappropriately to their children's cries for attention will form insecure and anxious attachments because the infants are unable to consistently depend on the maternal figures for predictable and safe responses.
In order for the infant to feel that the maternal figure is accessible and responsive, a certain amount of interaction must occur. Though the most research has been done on face-to-face interaction, studies have found that bodily interaction is also important in sensitivity and development. It is not how often the baby is held that reflects attachment, but how the baby is held and whether or not the baby desires to be held that matters in attachment development. Another factor that is important is sensitivity to the infant's feeding signals. 
There lies some controversy (the use of the word controversy is used as some form of apology for stating the truth? Not all women want to be mothers and should not be mothers if it is inconvenient, they do not wish or want and this is the reason for contraception, abortion but to the lazy women having children should not burden another human child by raising more unwanted children. Then there is the population of bad mothers for whatever the motivation is to force their misery on helpless children, Buy adopted children to satisfy their own greedy needs, or the cruel narcissist who uses adopted children to boost their charitable appeal for the benefit of the perception their peers. Bad parents lurk out in the open and psychologically and physically abuse children because they are evil and selfish.) 
 In infants who form INSECURE, abnormal and stranger attachments in relationships with their mothers do so because the mother is particularly insensitive to her child's needs and because of narcissism in their personality (i.e. their temperament) and due to life situations.